An example which escapes the notice of many Bible readers is John 5:28, 29. There Jesus taught: “Do not wonder about this, for the hour is coming when all those in the graves will hear his voice and come out come out. Those who were habitually good will be resurrected to life, but those who were habitually evil will be resurrected to condemnation.” Now, these words are not original with the Nazarene. He has borrowed them from two Old Testament prophets. Can you tell the sources for his words? Some Bible cross referencing systems reveal where to find these sources.
However, lets look at Jesus’ words again and not the phrases which are being borrowed from their Jewish Bible origins: “Do not wonder about this, for the hour is coming WHEN ALL THOSE IN THE GRAVES [Isaiah 26:19 LXX] will hear his voice and come out. THOSE WHO WERE HABITUALLY GOOD WILL BE RESURRECTED TO EVERLASTING LIFE, BUT THOSE WHO WERE HABITUALLY EVIL WILL BE RESURRECTED TO CONDEMNATION. [Daniel 12:2]” In Greek the beloved apostle John has Jesus quoting exactly the phrase from the Jewish Greek Septuagint at Isaiah 26:19. While, on the other hand, John has Jesus paraphrasing Daniel 12:2 and not quoting it exactly, a common practice.
This helps us understand by Jesus’ inspired interpretation that Isaiah 26:19 and Daniel 12:2 are prophecies about the resurrection and not primarily some spiritual restoration as some apply these. It is noteworthy also to consider that two other texts seem to paraphrase Jesus or Daniel 12:2, These are 2 Corinthians 5:10 and 1 John 2:28 which would seem to confirm that John 5:28, 29 is dealing with “all” those raised in the parousia-judgment of the Church, not mankind in general. [For details see the 21st Century Paraphrase of the Hebrew Scriptures of the book of Daniel.]
Another example has Jesus even warning the reader to be discerning when reading the prophet Daniel. In Matthew 24:15, 16 the Nazarene warns his four apostles, “So. when you see the sign of the abomination of desolation (as spoken by the prophet Daniel) standing in the Temple -- (let the reader be mindful)-- then let those in the region of Judea take flight into the mountains.” (Compare Lamsa) Here Jesus applies Daniel 9:26, 27 to the desolation of Jerusalem and not the so-called “end-times” prior to his Return. [For details see the 21st Century Version of the Christian Scriptures of the Gospel of Matthew.]
Sometimes these inspired interpretations are quoting from the Christian Bible itself. For example, Jude 18 quotes 2 Peter 3:3. This would seem to indicate that the “last days” of 2 Peter 3:3 are those contemporary times of the living apostles prior to the desolation of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE. [For details see the 21st Century Version of the Christian Scriptures of the letters of 2 Peter and Jude.]
How can we located these “inspired interpretations”? Some translations identify not only the direct quotations of the Hebrew Bible in the Christian Bible. For example, the New Jerusalem Bible italicizes words and phrases drawn from the Hebrew Bible. For example, note Romans 2:6 and Romans 2:10. Both of these are really strong allusions to Psalm 62:12 and Deuteronomy 10:17. [For details see the 21st Century Version of the Christian Scriptures of Romans chapter 2.] On the other hand, the New Jerusalem Bible uses an error when the Hebrew Bible is quoted by the Christian Bible. Note how Isaiah 61:1 points to Luke 4:18, 19.
There are more than a thousand of such quotations and allusions to the Old Testament in the New Testament. The book of Revelation alludes to the prophet Daniel over four dozen times. Romans chapter 10 makes over a dozen direct quotes and allusions to Old Testament Scripture.
So, when reading and studying the Christian Bible (New Testament) begin to note these many quotations (estimated at 365 times) and direct allusions (estimated at 365 times -- the days in the year) and many, many other more subtle references. It will aid you to get an inspired interpretation of the Old Testament without relying on the imperfect, and often erroneous, interpretations of uninspired Bible commentators.
Nazarene Commentary 2000© by Mark Heber Miller
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