Where are the Dead –
According to the Bible?

“Against Cunning” – PART ONE

Sincere Trinitarian Question

1. “I was just wondering if I was following you. I wasn't clear as to how you were defining the soul. Are you saying that the soul and body are synonymous? I see the biblical usage of the word soul as a reference to the nature of a body as in ones individuality and personality. The biblical view of man is a composite of body, soul, and spirit. In the creation of Adam his body was formed from the dust, Jehovah breathed into this body his spirit, the breath of life. And the man came to be a soul, a breather. I see Adam becoming a soul in reference to him becoming a distinct entity with his own attributes. (soul/psyche/personality).

FRIENDS OF THE NAZARENE – suggest reading –

Review 1 Corinthians chapter 15 and note Paul's synonyms for "soul" (PSUCHEN) or the "soul-like" (PSUCHICON) in his own explanation of Genesis 2:7. I find seven. Just curious regarding your conclusions.

A SINCERE TRINITARIAN – Here's what I'm getting out of 1 Corinthians 15: In verse 35 the question is raised "How are the dead to be raised up?" Paul goes on to talk about different kinds of bodies, earthly and heavenly. Earthly bodies are corruptible, mortal, material, physical beings. Heavenly bodies are incorruptible, immortal, immaterial, spiritual beings.

The physical man Adam is mentioned as being out of the earth, made of dust, a living soul. While the last Adam, the resurrected spiritual man, is mentioned as being heavenly, a life-giving spirit.

As Mister Cunning elaborated on in his post concerning Jesus' statement at Matthew 10:28 in relation to the body and soul, I think that it would be safe to concluded that the soul is distinct from the body and not made of the same "material" as the physical body.

FRIENDS OF THE NAZARENE – Since you understand psuche as “a breather” then the soul is a breathing creature, naturally as an individual with singular attributes and character. As “breath” is the vital force, then psuche may also be known as the ”life” of that individual which is sustained by breathing. If this breath is withdrawn or ceases, the “breather” ceases and thus the individual ceases.

Thus, in Hebrew and Greek the corpse is a “dead soul.”

Leviticus 21:11 – “And he should not come to any dead soul [Heb תשפנ (naph·shoth' ); Greek ψυχη τετελευτηκυια (psy·khei' te·te·leu·te·kui'ai)].” Compare also – “dead soul” – Numbers 5:2; 6:6, 11; 9:6, 10; 19:13; Haggai 2:13.

Nazarene Commentary 2000

Mark Heber Miller

2000 All Rights Reserved